- Calculation notes
- This calculator follows the SECURE Act of 2019 Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) rules. The SECURE Act of 2019 changed the age that RMDs must begin and for certain beneficiaries how they must be withdrawn. For account owners born after 6/30/1949 RMDs are required to start when they turn 72. Account owners born on 6/30/1949 or earlier continue to use 70 1/2. For a spouse who chooses to not treat the an inherited IRA as their own, the SECURE Act did not change how the RMD is calculated; it only changed the age that they start. These rules took effect January 1st, 2020.
If you have RMD questions, please consult with your own tax advisor regarding your specific situation. If you are under 75 and this RMD is from a 403(b) plan, you may not be required to take distributions on the balance in your account before 1987 until you reach age 75. You may need to contact a financial planner or CPA to determine if this exception applies to your RMD.
IMPORTANT! This calculator has been updated for the SECURE Act of 2019 and the CARES Act of 2020. Future IRS published procedures may have an impact on enforcement and interpretation of these Acts.
- Life expectancy calculations
- Life expectancy is determined using the Single Life Expectancy table and the spouse beneficiary's age on December 31st of the year following the owner's death or the year that the original account owner would have attained age 72 (or 70 1/2 if born before 7/1/1949) whichever is later. In all future years, the remaining life expectancy is 'recalculated' each year based on the spouse beneficiary's age as of December 31st of each calendar year.
Another option a spouse beneficiary can elect is to take an inherited account and treat it as his or her own. In this case, no distributions are required until the year in which the spouse reaches age 72 (or 70 1/2 if born before 7/1/1949). When distributions do begin, the spouse can use the Uniform Lifetime Table, which produces longer life expectancies than the Single Life Expectancy table, to determine the applicable life expectancy. In addition, a spouse is able to 'recalculate' or lookup a new life expectancy from the Uniform Lifetime Table each year. This produces the lowest RMD in all but the most unusual situations. This calculator will always assume that a spouse does not wish to treat an inherited IRA as their own.
- Year of RMD
- The year to calculate the Required Minimum Distribution (RMD). This is typically the current year. Change the year to calculate a previous year's RMD.
- Beneficiary's name
- Please enter the account beneficiary's name.
- Beneficiary's birthdate
- Please enter the account beneficiary's birthdate.
- Name of account
- Please enter the name of the account for this analysis.
- Amount Subject to RMD
- Mutual fund accounts use the previous year-end value. Variable annuity contracts use the actuarial year-end contract value, which may include living and death benefits, when determining the RMD amount. For variable annuity contracts, contact the issuing company for this information.
- Date of the original account owner's death
- Please enter the date of the original account owner's death.
- Plan type
- Please enter the plan type. The plan type can affect distributions if the account owner is younger than the beneficiary and RMDs have already begun.
- Original account owner's birth date
- Please enter the original account owner's birth date.