This calculator is not designed for the additional RMD options are available to non-spouse Designated Eligible Beneficiaries for years 2020 and after. Eligible Designated Beneficiaries include a child of the account owner (but generally only until they are 18, at that point the 10 year rule begins) or a chronically ill individual. For more information please see Modification of Required Distribution Rules for Designated Beneficiaries.
IMPORTANT! This calculator has been updated for SECURE 2.0 of 2022, the SECURE Act of 2019 and the CARES Act of 2020. Future IRS published procedures may have an impact on enforcement and interpretation of these Acts.
A proposed rule for the SECURE Act was released on February 23, 2022. When finalized the new rule will change the way the RMDs are treated for non-spouse Designated Beneficiaries that use the SECURE Act 10-year rule for distributions. It is likely this new rule will be retroactive to all of 2022. Originally the required distributions under the 10-year rule required all funds to be withdrawn end of the year in which includes the 10th anniversary of the account owner's death without regard to RMDs.
The proposed rule requires a beneficiary to withdraw an RMD for year 1 through 9 if the original account owner had already begun taking RMDs themselves. The remainder would then be required to be withdrawn in its entirety in year 10. Note that year's 1 through 9 have a required minimum distribution, any amount over the minimum is acceptable and will not incur penalties.
As of 9/30/2022 the proposed rule has not been finalized. Our current calculator illustrates evenly distributing distributions over a 10-year period when the 10-year rule applies. This will exceed the RMD requirement in all but a few circumstances. The RMD may not be sufficient if the applicable remaining life expectancy of the beneficiary is less than 10 years. It is strongly advised you seek professional guidance in all RMDs and especially with beneficiary RMDs.
The pre-SECURE Act rules apply for account owners who died on or before 12/31/2019. The life expectancy is usually determined using the Single Life Expectancy table and the beneficiary's age on December 31st of the year following the owner's death. However, if this is not the first year of distribution for the beneficiary, there is an additional step. First, we find the original life expectancy using the Single Life Expectancy table and the beneficiary's age on December 31st of the year following the owner's death. Then, the current life expectancy is calculated by subtracting one for each year that has passed, from the original life expectancy. Likewise, in all future years, the remaining life expectancy is calculated by subtracting one for each additional year that has passed. It is not allowed to lookup or 'recalculate' a new starting life expectancy after distributions have begun.
The pre-SECURE Act RMD calculations are used if the beneficiary is 10 or less years younger than the original account owner or an if the beneficiary is classified as an Eligible Designated Beneficiaries. Eligible Designated Beneficiaries include a child of the account owner (but generally only until they are 18, at that point the 10-year rule begins) or a chronically ill individual.
The SECURE Act of 2019 doesn't change a spouse's option to treat inherited account as his or her own. In this case, no distributions are required until the year in which the age 75 (or 70 1/2 born before 7/1/1949, 72 born before 1/1/1951, 73 born before 1/1/1960). When distributions do begin, the spouse can use the Uniform Lifetime Table, which produces longer life expectancies than the Single Life Expectancy table, to determine the applicable life expectancy. In addition, a spouse is able to 'recalculate' or lookup a new life expectancy from the Uniform Lifetime Table each year. This produces the lowest RMD in all but the most unusual situations. This calculator will always assume that a spouse will wish to treat an inherited IRA as their own.
If the account owner was younger than the beneficiary, and it was past the required begin date for required minimum distributions when the account owner died, the beneficiary can choose to use the account owner's life expectancy to calculate Required Minimum Distributions (RMD). In this special case, the result will always produce a lower RMD. If this situation occurs, this calculator will use the account owner's age to determine the applicable life expectancy when calculating RMDs. Other than using the account owner's age at death, the calculation is identical to the one stated above.
It is important to remember that these scenarios are hypothetical and that future rates of return can't be predicted with certainty and that investments that pay higher rates of return are generally subject to higher risk and volatility. The actual rate of return on investments can vary widely over time, especially for long-term investments. This includes the potential loss of principal on your investment. It is not possible to invest directly in an index and the compounded rate of return noted above does not reflect sales charges and other fees that investment funds and/or investment companies may charge.