- Starting balance
- The current balance of your Roth IRA.
- Annual contribution
- The amount you will contribute to your Roth IRA each year. This calculator assumes that you make your contribution at the beginning of each year. **IRA_ANNUAL_MAXIMUM_TEXT**
For the purposes of this calculator, the tool assumes that your income does not limit your ability to contribute to a Roth IRA.
Starting in 2010 high income individuals have the option to make non-deductible traditional IRA contributions and then immediately convert them to a Roth IRA. This can effectively eliminate the income phase-out for Roth IRA contributions.
- Current age
- Your current age.
- Age at retirement
- Age at which you plan to retire. This calculator assumes that the year you retire, you do not make any contributions to your IRA. For example, if you retire at age 65, your last contribution occurs when you are actually age 64.
- Expected rate of return
- The annual rate of return for your IRA. This calculator assumes that your return is compounded annually and your contributions are made at the beginning of each year. The actual rate of return is largely dependent on the types of investments you select. The Standard & Poor's 500® (S&P 500®) for the 10 years ending December 31st 2022, had an annual compounded rate of return of 13.6%, including reinvestment of dividends. From January 1, 1970 to December 31st 2022, the average annual compounded rate of return for the S&P 500®, including reinvestment of dividends, was approximately 11.3% (source: www.spglobal.com). Since 1970, the highest 12-month return was 61% (June 1982 through June 1983). The lowest 12-month return was -43% (March 2008 to March 2009). Savings accounts at a financial institution may pay as little as 0.25% or less but carry significantly lower risk of loss of principal balances.
It is important to remember that these scenarios are hypothetical and that future rates of return can't be predicted with certainty and that investments that pay higher rates of return are generally subject to higher risk and volatility. The actual rate of return on investments can vary widely over time, especially for long-term investments. This includes the potential loss of principal on your investment. It is not possible to invest directly in an index and the compounded rate of return noted above does not reflect sales charges and other fees that investment funds and/or investment companies may charge.
- Marginal tax rate
- The marginal tax rate you expect to pay on your taxable investments. **TAXTABLE_CURRENT_DEFINITION**
- Total contributions
- The total amount contributed to this IRA.
- Maximize contributions
- Check this box to contribute the maximum allowed to your account each year. This includes the additional catch-up contribution available when you are age 50 or over.
- Total taxable savings
- The total amount you would have accumulated by retirement in a taxable savings account.
- Roth total at retirement
- Total value in your Roth IRA at your retirement. To take any distributions that include earnings that are tax free, the Roth IRA must be opened for 5 tax years. Eligible tax-free distributions include those taken for death or disability, after age 59-1/2, or for a first-time home purchase.